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Optics I: Way of light and electromagnetic theory (chem 252)

1. Electromagnetic theory of light

Eye sensitivity and electromagnetic spectrum
Speed of light. Hertz, Foucault and Michelson experiments. Constants define the fields pdf
Maxwell equations pdf
Wave equation, Plane wave and harmonic wave, Surface of equal phase and phase velocity. Wave vector and wavelength. Spherical wave Quasi-plane wave and propagation of Gaussian beam. Superposition principle pdf

2. Polarization of light

Transverse nature of optical wave
Polarized vs unpolarized light
Linear and elliptical polarizations pdf
Standing wave pdf

3. Light energy and momentum

Energy flux carried by the wave. Poynting vector. Intensity and beam profile. Solar constant vs ultrashort pulsed lasers. pdf
Momentum of optical wave and light pressure. Lebedev’s experiments. Photon. Optical trapping. pdf

4. Origins of electromagnetic wave emission and electromagnetic spectrum

Atom as a source of light
Thomson model of atom and dipole oscillator
Emission from the charge and emission conditions
Intensity of dipole oscillator and emission diagram pdf
Fourier expansion and transformation pdf
Decaying oscillator
Connection between spectral energy and time. Heisenberg principle from classical perspective. pdf
Emission of ensemble of oscillators
Mechanisms of spectral broadening
Natural broadening
Collision-induced broadening
Doppler broadening pdf

5. Light and matter

Material equations
Optical waves in a linear isotropic medium
Dispersion of light
Origin of Refractive index pdf
Absorption of light pdf
Group velocity pdf
Inner field consideration. Lorentz-Lorenz equation. pdf
Reflection and refraction of light on the dielectric boundaries. Fresnel equations. pdf
Reflection and propagation of light in conducting media pdf

6. Interference of electromagnetic waves

Coherence. What does it mean when two waves are coherent.
Interference pdf
How to create coherent waves – front and amplitude splitting approaches. pdf
Interference of quasi-monochromatic light. Time coherence length. pdf
Role of source dimensions. Spatial coherence. pdf
Multi-beam interference. Fabry-Perot interferometer. pdf

7. Diffraction of electromagnetic wave

Diffraction. Mathematicle description of Huygens-Fresnel principle.
Diffraction on round hole. Fresnel zones. pdf
Fresnel amplitude and phase plates. Lens as diffraction element. pdf
Classification of diffractions pdf
Fraunhofer diffraction as Fourier transformation pdf
Fraunhofer diffraction on two-dimensional structures pdf
Fraunhofer diffraction on periodic structures pdf
Diffraction for spectroscopic expansion pdf
Diffraction on 2D and 3D structure. Ewald-Laue idea and crystallography. pdf

8. Light in anisotropic dielectric media

Dielectric constant of anisotropic media
Propagation of plane electromagnetic waves in anisotropic media pdf
Propagation of electromagnetic wave in single axis media pdf
Ray velocity ellipsoid. Propagation analysis through Huygens’s principle. pdf
Interference of polarized waves pdf
Induced anisotropy. Kerr effect. pdf
Phenomenological theory of natural polarization rotation. Chirality. pdf

9. Thermal radiation and how quantum mechanics was born

Constants and physics laws behind
Thermal radiation and luminescence pdf
Equilibrated spectral energy density function of absolute black body
Black body radiation dispute. Stefan-Boltzmann approach. Wien’s approach.
Thermodynamical approach by Rayleigh-Jeans pdf
Planck formula