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The study of radiation damage is wide ranging and it’s because it occurs everywhere, takes on many forms, and can interact with matter in many ways. I will be covering how those forms are produced firstly in the case of fission, and the resultant differences in them. How decay paths can then affect the types of radiation produced and the subsequent isotopes produced. We will then move on to how we predict that radiation will interact with materials with two very common examples. This will then be compared to the processes that occur in fusion and the radiation that is produced. Simulation and detection play large roles in the study of radiation damage and how that is achieved will be outlined in an approachable way. Lastly, one earthly example of a radiation damage study will be given to contrast with extra-terrestrial radiation damage and the challenges that face us as we move beyond the planet.